June 19, 2024

Top 10 Programming Languages to Learn in 2023

Explore top 10 programming languages to learn in 2023. This list is based on number of repositories and lines of codes on GitHub, Google Trends, salaries, location and industry listed on Naukri.com.

As technology is increasing and the world is moving towards Automation, Artificial Intelligence, nanotechnology, and user-friendly devices, the space of programming language is increasing day by day and attracting students of every stream (whether they have coding or non-coding background). In this article, we will discuss the Top 10 Programming Languages to Learn in 2023 and kickstart your career in this booming IT industry.

According to the June 2023 PYPL Index (Popularity of Programming Language- Index is based on Google Trends), the Top 10 Programming Languages to learn in 2023 are:

10. Kotlin

9. Swift

8. TypeScript

7. R

6. PHP

5. C#

4. C

3. JavaScript

2. Java

1. Python

In India, Python is the most popular language, Python grew the most in the last 5 years (16.7%) while Java lost the most by (-6.5%)

Top 10 Programming Language
Python vs Java: Google Trend

Kotlin:

Kotlin and Git repository
Kotlin : Google Trends

Source : Google Trends

About:

  • Cross-platform, statically-typed, general purpose programming language
  • Kotlin is a programming language for Java Virtual Machine(JVM)
  • It also compiles to JavaScript or native code
  • Used in server, client, web and Android development
  • one of the top 10 programming languages

Advantage:

  • Allows writing less code
  • Compatible with java
  • Imposes no runtime head
  • Suits for multi platform development

Must Check: Kotlin Online Course & Certification

Must Check: Top 10 Basic Kotlin Interview Questions

Real Life Application of Kotlin:

Real Life Application of KOTLIN
Real Life Application of KOTLIN

Salary:

Let us check out the Salary, Location, Companies and Industries offering role based on Kotlin, as per naukri.com

Experience Salary Location Companies Industries 
Fresher   (0 –2) 0–3 lacs (220)   3 – 6 lacs (484)  6 – 10 lacs (514)  10 – 15 lacs (139)  15 – 25 lacs (82) Delhi/NCR (177)   Bangalore (176)  Pune  (79)  Chennai  (66)  Noida  (61) Accenture (3)   Info Edge (1)  Cal Soft Labs (1)  Chetu (1)  Tech Mahindra (1) IT Services & Consultant (468)   Recruitment & Staffing (53)  Internet (48)  Software (41)  Management (15) 
5 years 0–3 lacs (133)   3 – 6 lacs (581)  6 – 10 lacs (940)  10 – 15 lacs (550)  15 – 25 lacs (394)  Bangalore (521)   Delhi/NCR (224)  Pune  (163)  Hyderabad  (152)  Mumbai  (139)  Accenture (20)   Photon Interactive (3)  Randstad India Pvt. Ltd (3)  Infosys (2)  CSC (2) IT Services & Consultant (827)   Recruitment & Staffing (53)  Internet (88)  Software (88)  Education (23) 
10 years 0–3 lacs (6)   3 – 6 lacs (44)  6 – 10 lacs (175)  10 – 15 lacs (237)  15 – 25 lacs (203)  Bangalore (166)   Delhi/NCR (79)  Hyderabad  (83)  Pune  (53)  Mumbai  (51) Accenture (4)   Photon Interactive (2)  Reliance (2)  Indecomm (2)  Mphasis (2) IT Services & Consultant (234)   Recruitment & Staffing (31)  Internet (27)  Software (26)  FinTech (8) 

Swift:

Swift and GIT
Kotlin and GIT

Source : Google Trends

About:

  • Developed by Apple
  • It is general purpose, multi paradigm , compiled programming language
  • It is influenced by Python, making it fast and intuitive
  • Designed to be safe, fast and expressive
  • one of the top 10 programming languages

Advantage:

  • Safe, Fast and Powerful
  • API’s are modern and easy to use 
  • Dynamic Libraries
  • Automatically manages memory

Real Life Application of Swift:

Real life Application of SWIFT
Real life application of SWIFT

Salary:

Let us check out the Salary, Location, Companies and Industries offering role based on Swift, as per naukri.com

Experience Salary Location Companies Industries 
Fresher  (0 –2) 0–3 lacs (3554)   3 – 6 lacs (13214)  6 – 10 lacs (12789)  10 – 15 lacs (3745)  15 – 25 lacs (1675) Delhi/NCR (3579)   Bangalore (4578)  Mumbai (1881)  Pune  (1793)  Hyderabad  (1599) Accenture (315)   IBM (146)  Dell (40)  Cognizant (35)  Flipkart (28) IT Services & Consultant (10294)   Recruitment & Staffing (1591)  Internet (695)  Software (643)  Film (561) 
5 years 0–3 lacs (2173)   3 – 6 lacs (14356)  6 – 10 lacs (22476)  10 – 15 lacs (14273)  15 – 25 lacs (7730)  Bangalore (11510)   Delhi/NCR (5794)  Pune  (4143)  Hyderabad  (4056)  Mumbai  (3287)  Accenture (975)   Dell (161)  IBM (137)  Cognizant (61)  Flipkart (51) IT Services & Consultant (17922)   Recruitment & Staffing (2531)  Software (1473)  Internet (1133)  Electronics (1048) 
10 years 0–3 lacs (230)   3 – 6 lacs (859)  6 – 10 lacs (4115)  10 – 15 lacs (6597)  15 – 25 lacs (5387)  Bangalore (4650)   Delhi/NCR (1741)  Hyderabad  (1847)  Pune  (1598)  Chennai  (1162) Accenture (267)   Dell (138)  IBM (98)  Oracle (34)  Genpact (31) IT Services & Consultant (5623)   Recruitment & Staffing (880)  Software (539)  Electronics (535)  Internet (320) 

TypeScript:

TypeScript and GIT
Kotlin, Swift and TypeScript : Google Trends

Source : Google Trends

About:

  • TypeScript is the superset of JavaScript.
  • Designed for development of large applications and trans compiles to JavaScript.
  • Easier to refactor code without breaking it.
  • Used on Frontend and Backend both
  • one of the top 10 programming languages

Advantage:

  • Structural Typing
  • Runs in any program or JavaScript motor
  • Readability
  • Cross platform and cross browser compatibility

Must Check: Top 10 Basic TypeScript Interview Questions

Real Life Application of TypeScript:

Real Life Application of TypeScript
Real Life Application of TypeScript

Salary:

Let us check out the Salary, Location, Companies and Industries offering role based on TypeScript skills, as per naukri.com

Experience Salary Location Companies Industries 
Fresher   (0 –2) 0–3 lacs (3004)   3 – 6 lacs (9912)  6 – 10 lacs (10108)  10 – 15 lacs (3363)  15 – 25 lacs (1665) Bangalore (3875)   Delhi/NCR (2900)  Pune  (1956)  Mumbai (1881)  Hyderabad  (1361) Accenture (162)   Dell (60)  Infosys (42)  IBM (28)  Infogain (20) IT Services & Consultant (8920)   Recruitment & Staffing (1185)  Software (836)  Internet (489)  Management (319) 
5 years 0–3 lacs (1872)   3 – 6 lacs (11361)  6 – 10 lacs (19361)  10 – 15 lacs (13718)  15 – 25 lacs (7542)  Bangalore (10310)   Delhi/NCR (5081)  Pune  (4314)  Hyderabad  (3822)  Chennai (2776)  Accenture (463)   Dell (200)  IBM (62)  Oracle (57)  Tech Mahindra (53) IT Services & Consultant (16889)   Recruitment & Staffing (2467)  Software (1738)  Internet (914)  Management (495) 
10 years 0–3 lacs (151)   3 – 6 lacs (708)  6 – 10 lacs (3956)  10 – 15 lacs (6576)  15 – 25 lacs (5034)  Bangalore (4322)   Delhi/NCR (1643)  Hyderabad  (1606)  Pune  (1594)  Chennai  (1008) Dell (177)   Accenture (103)  Tech Mahindra (67)  IBM (56)  Oracle (31) IT Services & Consultant (5268)   Recruitment & Staffing (1170)  Software (566)  Internet (320)  Electronics (220) 

R:

R and GIT
Kotlin, Swift, TypeScript and R: Google Trends

Source : Google Trends

About:

  • Language & environment for statistical computing and graphics
  • Helpful to perform simple & complex calculations on data objects of a wide variety.
  • It provides an effective data handling and storage facility
  • Mainly used by Statisticians and Data Analysts
  • one of the top 10 programming languages

Advantage of R:

  • Quality plotting and Graphing
  • Machine Learning operations
  • More than 10,000 arrays of Packages.
  • Best for Statistical computing and Analysis 

Must Check: Introduction to R Programming for Data Science

Must Check: Python vs R for Data Science – A Comparative Analysis

Real Life Application of R:

Real Life Application of R
Real Life Application of R

Salary:

Let us check out the Salary, Location, Companies and Industries offering role based on R skills, as per naukri.com

Experience Salary Location Companies Industries 
Fresher   (0 –2) 0–3 lacs (2653)   3 – 6 lacs (6197)  6 – 10 lacs (5800)  10 – 15 lacs (2564)  15 – 25 lacs (1113) Bangalore (2610)   Delhi/NCR (2150)  Mumbai (1301)  Gurgaon (1032)  Hyderabad  (996) Accenture (195)   Flipkart (36)  IBM (31)  Exide (19)  AARDE (17) IT Services & Consultant (2966)   Recruitment & Staffing (1055)  Banking (528)  Education (411)  Internet (410) 
5 years 0–3 lacs (1789)   3 – 6 lacs (7142)  6 – 10 lacs (11646)  10 – 15 lacs (8627)  15 – 25 lacs (4566)  Bangalore (5937)   Delhi/NCR (3700)  Mumbai (2372)  Hyderabad  (2267)  Pune (1939)  Accenture (656)   IBM (120)  Flipkart (82)  Cognizant (67)  Dell (44) IT Services & Consultant (6771)   Recruitment & Staffing (1810)  Banking (884)  Internet (686)  Software (554) 
10 years 0–3 lacs (196)   3 – 6 lacs (700)  6 – 10 lacs (2948)  10 – 15 lacs (4969)  15 – 25 lacs (3854)  Bangalore (2707)   Delhi/NCR (1612)  Hyderabad  (1148)  Mumbai (957)  Pune (887) Accenture (363)   IBM (52)  Dell (42)  Flipkart (36)  Cognizant (31) IT Services & Consultant (3069)   Recruitment & Staffing (899)  Banking (310)  Pharmaceuticals (279)  Software (249) 

PHP:

PHP and GIT
kotlin, Swift, TypeScript, R anf PHP google trends

Source : Google Trends

About:

  • Open source general purpose scripting language.
  • Runtime is generally executed by webpage content.
  • Used among 80% of all active websites.
  • Easy to develop and can be used with different tools
  • one of the top 10 programming languages

Advantage:

  • Extremely Flexible
  • Cost Efficient
  • Great synergy with HTML
  • Better loading speeds of websites

Must Check: PHP Online Courses & Certifications

Must Check: Top 50 PHP Interview Questions and Answers (2022)

Must Check: Learn PHP: Courses To Jumpstart Your Programming Career

Real Life Application of PHP:

Real Life Application of PHP
Real Life Application of PHP

Salary:

Let us check out the Salary, Location, Companies and Industries offering role based on PHP skills, as per naukri.com

Experience Salary Location Companies Industries 
Fresher   (0 –2) 0–3 lacs (7791)   3 – 6 lacs (27344)  6 – 10 lacs (26,473)  10 – 15 lacs (6209)  15 – 25 lacs (1758) Bangalore (7677)   Delhi/NCR (6478)  Pune (3792)  Mumbai (3183)  Hyderabad  (3136) Accenture (2210)   IBM (122)  Infosys (106)  Dell (42)  Athenahealth (17) IT Services & Consultant (23,042)   Recruitment & Staffing (4324)  Software (998)  Management (865)  BPO/Call (781) 
5 years 0–3 lacs (4566)   3 – 6 lacs (30,134)  6 – 10 lacs (48,218)  10 – 15 lacs (26,374)  15 – 25 lacs (8491)  Bangalore (18,956)   Delhi/NCR (10,300)  Pune (7897)  Hyderabad  (7816)  Chennai (5780)  Accenture (5967)   IBM (468)  Infosys (229)  Dell (145)  Cognizant (89) IT Services & Consultant (38,925)   Recruitment & Staffing (7590)  Software (1799)  Internet (1287)  Management (554) 
10 years 0–3 lacs (196)   3 – 6 lacs (700)  6 – 10 lacs (2948)  10 – 15 lacs (4969)  15 – 25 lacs (3854)  Bangalore (5093)   Hyderabad  (2282)  Delhi/NCR (2049)  Pune (2013)  Chennai (1460) Accenture (821)   IBM (183)  Dell (104)  Tech Mahindra (49)  Infosys (48) IT Services & Consultant (7535)   Recruitment & Staffing (2357)  Software (464)  Electronics (439)  Management (318) 

C#:

C# and GIT
C# and C google trends

Source : Google Trends

About:

  • General purpose object oriented programming language
  • Suitable for writing application for both hosted and embedded system
  • It is an efficient language to manage systems.
  • Contains the facilities of both C and C++.

Advantage of C#:

  • Modern & Easy
  • Cross Platform
  • Interoperability
  • Scalable and updatable

Must Check: c# Online Courses & Certifications

Must Check: Top C# Interview Questions and Answers For 2022

Real Life Application of C#:

Real Life Application of C#
Real Life Application of C#

Salary:

Let us check out the Salary, Location, Companies and Industries offering role based on C# skills, as per naukri.com

Experience Salary Location Companies Industries 
Fresher   (0 –2) 0–3 lacs (1355)   3 – 6 lacs (4053)  6 – 10 lacs (4034)  10 – 15 lacs (1076)  15 – 25 lacs (393) Bangalore (1170)   Delhi/NCR (1088)  Pune (750)  Mumbai (632)  Hyderabad  (631) IBM (28)   Accenture (18)  Cognizant (15)  HCL (7)  Dell (6) IT Services & Consultant (3775)   Recruitment & Staffing (537)  Software (332)  BPO (133)  Management (109) 
5 years 0–3 lacs (1032)   3 – 6 lacs (5218)  6 – 10 lacs (8281)  10 – 15 lacs (5024)  15 – 25 lacs (2511)  Bangalore (3442)   Delhi/NCR (2222)  Pune (1869)  Hyderabad  (1849)  Chennai (1405)  Cognizant (93)   IBM (69)  Accenture (56)  Dell (38)  Randstad (22) IT Services & Consultant (7611)   Recruitment & Staffing (1037)  Software (611)  Management (227)  BPO (179) 
10 years 0–3 lacs (96)   3 – 6 lacs (344)  6 – 10 lacs (1483)  10 – 15 lacs (2324)  15 – 25 lacs (1759)  Bangalore (1203)   Hyderabad  (711)  Delhi/NCR (625)  Pune (559)  Chennai (496) Cognizant (43)   Dell (41)  IBM (17)  Accenture (15)  Randstad (10)   IT Services & Consultant (2267)  Recruitment & Staffing (308)  Software (198)  Electronics (103)  Management (57) 

C (one of the Top 10 programming language)

C and Git
C# , C and C++

Source : Google Trends

About:

  • It is general purpose, procedural programming
  • Structured Programming Language i.e. Machine independent
  • Faster than most of the programming language
  • It help to understand the internal architecture of a computer

Advantage:

  • Built in functions
  • Middle level language
  • Standard Library
  • Implementation of Algorithms and Data Structures

Must Check: C Programming Online Courses & Certifications

Must Check: What is C programming?

Real Life Application of C:

Real Life Application of C
Real Life Application of C

Salary:

Let us check out the Salary, Location, Companies and Industries offering role based on C skills, as per naukri.com

Experience Salary Location Companies Industries 
Fresher   (0 –2) 0–3 lacs (2430)   3 – 6 lacs (8903)  6 – 10 lacs (8273)  10 – 15 lacs (2265)  15 – 25 lacs (895) Bangalore (3069)   Delhi/NCR (2144)  Pune (1438)  Mumbai (1314)  Hyderabad  (1155) Accenture (1286)   IBM (25)  Asian Paints (24)  Exide (20)  DHFL (15) IT Services & Consultant (6288)   Recruitment & Staffing (1642)  Electronics (466)  Education (303)  Software (300) 
5 years 0–3 lacs (1692)   3 – 6 lacs (10664)  6 – 10 lacs (16750)  10 – 15 lacs (10053)  15 – 25 lacs (3703)  Bangalore (7863)   Delhi/NCR (3604)  Pune (2996)  Hyderabad  (2753)  Chennai (2435)  Accenture (3351)   IBM (83)  Dell (60)  Cognizant (51)  CSC (34) IT Services & Consultant (11917)   Recruitment & Staffing (2933)  Electronics (1173)  Software (683)  Education 497 (179) 
10 years 0–3 lacs (188)   3 – 6 lacs (685)  6 – 10 lacs (3243)  10 – 15 lacs (5148)  15 – 25 lacs (3451)  Bangalore (3081)   Delhi/NCR (1210)  Hyderabad (1018)  Pune (954)  Mumbai (850) Accenture (799)   IBM (85)  Dell (48)  Cognizant (30)  Capgemini (17)   IT Services & Consultant (3434)  Recruitment & Staffing (896)  Electronics (540)  Software (235)  Education (161) 

JavaScript:

JavaScript and Git
TypeScript vs JavaScript

Source : Google Trends

About:

  • It is lightweight, interpreted, object oriented language with first class function
  • It can function as both procedural and an object oriented language
  • It can be used for both client and server side development
  • Browsers are responsible for running JavaScript.

Advantage:

  • Less server interaction
  • Rich interface
  • Speed
  • Updates

Must Check: JavaScript Online Courses & Certifications

Must Check: What is JavaScript?

Real Life Application of JavaScript:

Real Life Application of JavaScript
Real Life Application of JavaScript

Salary:

Let us check out the Salary, Location, Companies and Industries offering role based on JavaScript skills, as per naukri.com

Experience Salary Location Companies Industries 
Fresher   (0 –2) 0–3 lacs (10192)   3 – 6 lacs (35066)  6 – 10 lacs (33829)  10 – 15 lacs (8024)  15 – 25 lacs (2816) Bangalore (10320)   Delhi/NCR (8492)  Pune (5090)  Mumbai (4391)  Hyderabad  (4384) Accenture (2377)   IBM (151)  Infosys (116)  Dell (47)  Cognizant (35) IT Services & Consultant (29922)   Recruitment & Staffing (5206)  Software (1584)  Internet (1129)  Management (1041) 
5 years 0–3 lacs (6320)   3 – 6 lacs (39752)  6 – 10 lacs (62078)  10 – 15 lacs (34617)  15 – 25 lacs (14209)  Bangalore (26377)   Delhi/NCR (14202)  Hyderabad (11404)  Pune (11346)  Chennai (8622)  Accenture (6399)   IBM (573)  Infosys (252)  Cognizant (189)  Cognizant (168) IT Services & Consultant (52377)   Recruitment & Staffing (9412)  Software (3020)  Internet (1709)  Management (1611) 
10 years 0–3 lacs (188)   3 – 6 lacs (685)  6 – 10 lacs (3243)  10 – 15 lacs (5148)  15 – 25 lacs (3451)  Bangalore (7672)   Hyderabad (3568)  Pune (3156)  Delhi/NCR (3136)  Chennai (2407) Accenture (997)   IBM (266)  Dell (132)  Tech Mahindra (76)  Infosys (65)   IT Services & Consultant (11412)  Recruitment & Staffing (2928)  Software (840)  Electronics (555)  Internet (447) 

Java (one of the Top 10 programming language)

javascript and git
JAVA and JAVASCRIPT google trends

Source : Google Trends

About:

  • High level, Class based, Object Oriented Programming Language
  • It is case sensitive
  • It is computing platform for application development
  • It is interpreted, threaded and dynamic

Advantage:

  • Platform Independent
  • Robust and Secured
  • Multi-Threaded
  • Secure

Must Check: Top Java Online Courses & Certifications

Must Check: What is Java?

Real Life Application of Java:

Real Life Application of JAVA
Real Life Application of Java

Salary:

Let us check out the Salary, Location, Companies and Industries offering role based on Java skills, as per naukri.com

 
Experience Salary Location Companies Industries 
Fresher   (0 –2) 0–3 lacs (15735)   3 – 6 lacs (44555)  6 – 10 lacs (41528)  10 – 15 lacs (10816)  15 – 25 lacs (4416) Bangalore (14794)   Delhi/NCR (11396)  Pune (7736)  Mumbai (6207)  Hyderabad  (6190) Accenture (2464)   IBM (156)  Infosys (132)  Dell (93)  Cognizant (66) IT Services & Consultant (35937)   Recruitment & Staffing (6497)  Software (2281)  Internet (1364)  Management (1312) 
5 years 0–3 lacs (10967)   3 – 6 lacs (54148)  6 – 10 lacs (81823)  10 – 15 lacs (48445)  15 – 25 lacs (23701)  Bangalore (38996)   Delhi/NCR (20034)  Pune (17682)  Hyderabad (16711)  Chennai (13224)  Accenture (6626)   IBM (677)  Cognizant (397)  Dell (350)  Infosys (308) IT Services & Consultant (68575)   Recruitment & Staffing (11811)  Electronics (2936)  Internet (2205)  Engineering (2026) 
10 years 0–3 lacs (949)   3 – 6 lacs (3989)  6 – 10 lacs (15196)  10 – 15 lacs (21799)  15 – 25 lacs (15221)  Bangalore (13233)   Hyderabad (6009)  Pune (5545)  Delhi/NCR (5032)  Chennai (4058) Accenture (1110)   IBM (345)  Dell (290)  Cognizant (189)  Tech Mahindra (135)   IT Services & Consultant (17753)  Recruitment & Staffing (4217)  Software (1402)  Electronics (1346)  Engineering (733) 

Python (one of the Top 10 programming language)

Python and Git
Python Google Trends

Source : Google Trends

About:

  • Interpreted high level general purpose programming language.
  • Released in 1991 as 0.9.0 later Python 2.0 released in 2000 and Python 3.0 was released in 2008.
  • Free and open source programming language 
  • Easiest programming languages to learn

Advantage:

  • Versatile, easy to learn, read and write
  • Easily Portable
  • Vast Library Support
  • Extreme Community Support

Must Check: What is Python?

Must Check: Python Online Courses & Certifications

Real Life Application of Python:

Real Life Application of Python
Real Life Application of Python

Salary:

Let us check out the Salary, Location, Companies and Industries offering role based on Python skills, as per naukri.com

Experience Salary Location Companies Industries 
Fresher   (0 –2) 0–3 lacs (17196)   3 – 6 lacs (47458)  6 – 10 lacs (44266)  10 – 15 lacs (12016)  15 – 25 lacs (4846) Bangalore (15941)   Delhi/NCR (12602)  Pune (8070)  Mumbai (6935)  Hyderabad  (6494) Accenture (2553)   IBM (167)  Infosys (134)  Dell (98)  Cognizant (82) IT Services & Consultant (36786)   Recruitment & Staffing (7032)  Software (2344)  BPO (1706)  Internet (1641) 
5 years 0–3 lacs (11547)   3 – 6 lacs (56345)  6 – 10 lacs (85564)  10 – 15 lacs (51023)  15 – 25 lacs (24838)  Bangalore (40598)   Delhi/NCR (21497)  Pune (17761)  Hyderabad (16911)  Chennai (13223)  Accenture (6818)   IBM (684)  Dell (380)  Infosys (312)  Cognizant (241) IT Services & Consultant (69075)   Recruitment & Staffing (12456)  Software (4700)  Electronics (3075)  Internet (2602) 
10 years 0–3 lacs (994)   3 – 6 lacs (4144)  6 – 10 lacs (15857)  10 – 15 lacs (22550)  15 – 25 lacs (15614)  Bangalore (13717)   Hyderabad (5956)  Pune (5410)  Delhi/NCR (5370)  Chennai (3926) Accenture (1243)   IBM (332)  Dell (305)  Tech Mahindra (119)   Infosys (83)   IT Services & Consultant (17375)  Recruitment & Staffing (4467)  Electronics (1425)  Software (1420)  Engineering (762) 

Conclusion:

These are top 10 Programming languages to check out in 2023 before starting your Programming career. These Programming Languages have great opportunities for growth and learning. This is one of the way to choose programming languages to learn and groom your carrier.

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